Inflamed acne (acne), swollen, reddened, deeply clogged pores with oil and dead skin cells are caused by the action of a bacterium called propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). Normal pimples are close to the skin surface and do not contain bacteria. Inflammatory acne types are different from each other, and different types of inflamed acne have separate treatment methods. The right treatment method should be applied to the right inflamed acne so that the results are positive. Therefore, it is very important to determine the type of acne on your skin correctly.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Please consult an expert. Taking medicine on your own is not the right choice. Medicines used by someone else may cause different reactions in your body. You should definitely consult a dermatologist.
The most common types of inflammatory acne are:
-Papules: They appear on the skin surface as small, pink-red bumps.
-Pustules: They are pus-filled papules.
-Nodules: These are harder pink-red bumps that settle under the skin.
-Cysts: The most serious type of inflamed acne. They are located under the skin surface. They are pus-filled and large cysts are painful to the touch.
Inflamed acnes are more common on the face. However, they can also appear on the neck, chest, back and shoulders. Inflamed pimples can spread, and when they pass, they can leave a scar. Regardless of your acne type, anti-acne products should be used. Daily care should be continued regularly. The right care and treatment should never be left even when you control the oiliness and even when the acne is gone.
Depending on your symptoms, your dermatologist may give you one or a combination of prescription medications. She may also recommend topical acne creams.
Prescription drug treatments are as follows;
Topical Retinoids; are powerful vitamin A derivatives that remove dead skin cells. Prescription and potent retinoids are most effective on inflamed acne. Retinoids can cause redness and peeling. It also makes the skin more sensitive to UV rays. Therefore, you should definitely use sunscreen while using retinoids.
Isotretinoin; The oral medication isotretinoin, derived from vitamin A, is one of the most powerful treatments prescribed for acne. It can have side effects, so it is prescribed to those who have very severe, inflamed and cystic acne problems that do not respond to other topical or systemic treatments. The people who should be careful here are pregnant women and nursing mothers. Isotretinoin should never be used in women who think they may be pregnant.
Oral Antibiotics; Antibiotics provide regression of inflamed acne. If you have inflamed acne, it can be used with the prescription of your dermatologist. Antibiotics are used temporarily to control bacteria in common acne.
Topical Antibiotics; Topical antibiotics can be taken over a short period of time, applied to the skin and twice daily for up to two months. However, they are not as potent as oral antibiotics and work well on milder acne types.
Hormone Treatments; Some of the inflamed acnes are caused by hormonal imbalance. In such cases, your doctor may prescribe hormone-regulating drugs. Also, birth control pills are drugs that work well for women who experience more inflamed acne before and during their menstrual cycles. Anti-androgen drug types can help with nodules and cystic acne caused by high androgen levels.
There are many different and over-the-counter dermocosmetic products for inflamed acne. However, before using them, we recommend that you contact your dermatologist and use them on his/her recommendation. If you don't take care of your skin regularly, no treatment method against inflammatory acne will work.
Treatment of inflamed acne can be difficult, but with the right treatment method and a good dermatologist, this discomfort can be avoided. Especially nowadays there are many good treatment methods and one of them will help clear your skin. All that needs to be done is to have your dermatologist examine you and start the appropriate medical treatment after the necessary tests.
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