Things to Know About Type 2 Diabetes
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease with high blood sugar, which occurs when the body does not produce insulin, produces less or cannot use the produced insulin. It is very important to maintain a healthy lifestyle with the support of a reliable health center, registered dietitians, and certified diabetes educators. However, in today's conditions, we live such a stressful life that diet, a healthy lifestyle, sports and physical activities are always very important for a healthy life.
Brief Information About Diabetes;
According to the data announced by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), it is estimated that 382 million people with diabetes live in the world and this number will reach 592 million by 2035. China, India and the USA are the countries with the highest incidence of diabetes. These three Countries make up about fifty percent of all patients. For Turkey, the current data of the International Diabetes Federation is 7 million diabetics between the ages of 20 and 79.
that he is sick. About 15 percent of these patients are adults.
There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. In fact, although both are diabetes, they are different diseases and have different treatment processes. Type 1 diabetes is less common than Type 2 diabetes.
What Is Type 2 Diabetes? What Are Its Causes?
Type 2 diabetes is usually seen in people over the age of 40, but in recent years it has become more common in children and young people. The main risk factors for type 2 diabetes are: such as obesity, unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle, high blood pressure. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include frequent urination, weight gain, weight loss, blurred vision, excessive drinking and dry mouth. So what are the ways to prevent Type 2 diabetes? Let's list the items below;
-Eat a healthy and balanced diet.
- Move around at home or at work during the day.
- Get rid of your excess weight.
- Stay away from stress.
-Do not consume cigarettes and alcohol.
Get enough and regular sleep.
-Make sure to have your health checkups.
How does type 2 diabetes occur;
Insulin is a hormone produced by your pancreas that acts as a switch, allowing blood sugar to enter cells in your body for use as energy. If you have type 2 diabetes, cells do not respond normally to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. Your pancreas needs more insulin to make the cells respond.
Eventually, your pancreas can't keep up and your blood sugar rises, which sets the stage for type 2 diabetes. High blood sugar harms the body. It can cause other serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease. Eventually, your pancreas can't keep up and your blood sugar rises, paving the way for pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. High blood sugar harms the body. It can cause other serious health problems such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.
Symptoms and Risk Factors
Type 2 diabetes symptoms usually develop over several years and can go unnoticed for a long time (sometimes there are no noticeable symptoms at all). Because symptoms can be difficult to detect, it's important to know your risk factors and see your doctor to get your blood sugar tested if you have any of them.
Type 2 Diabetes Test
A simple blood test will tell you if you have diabetes. If you've had your blood sugar tested at a healthcare facility or pharmacy, you'll need to visit a clinic or doctor to make sure the results are correct.
Unlike many health problems, your healthcare team is very important in diabetes. It is a disease that must be managed by your healthcare team first yourself and then with your family (including your doctor, nutritionist, diabetes educator, and pharmacist).
-Develop a healthy eating and activity plan for yourself.
- Measure your blood sugar daily and keep track of the results.
-Learn the symptoms of high or low blood sugar and what to do about it.
-Learn to make insulin yourself.
- Whoever is in your close circle (spouse, child, grandchild) should learn how to make insulin.
-Inspect your feet, skin, and eyes occasionally to catch problems early.
- Take the necessary materials such as medicine, glucose meter, needle and store them properly.
The importance of exercising; It is important for diabetics to exercise. Appropriate exercise type and program should be applied to the person.
Every year '14 NOVEMBER' is determined as WORLD DIABETES DAY.
IMPORTANT NOTE !!!
Do not use any medication other than the ones prescribed by your doctor. Take care to choose the foods and drinks that your nutritionist will give you.
If you have diabetes, do not be afraid, you can offer yourself a proper and healthy life, you can continue your life by keeping your diabetes under control, first of all by yourself and then with your loved ones. Remember, a controlled and healthy life is very important in this disease.