Things to Know About Acne

Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes blemishes and pimples, particularly on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. Whiteheads, blackheads, acne, cysts, and nodules are different types of acne. It is a common skin condition that most commonly affects people in Turkey. It usually occurs during puberty when the sebaceous glands are activated, but acne can occur at any age. The glands produce oil and are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands in both men and women. The vast majority of young people between the ages of 12 and 24 have to struggle with acne.

Acne is a skin disease that affects the sebaceous glands at the base of the hair follicles.

It affects 3 out of every 4 people aged 11 to 30 years.

- It is not dangerous, but it can leave marks on the skin.

The treatment depends on how severe and permanent it is.

-Risk factors include genetics, menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, use of oil-based makeup and acne tightening.

Acne is a common skin problem. There are many recommended home remedies for acne, but not all of them are supported by research.


Diet: It's not really clear what role diet plays in curing acne. Scientists have found that people who consume a diet that offers a good source of vitamins A and E and zinc may have a lower risk of severe acne.

Moisturizers: Researchers say that the use of moisturizers relieves the skin, especially in people using acne treatments such as isotretinoin (a drug). Moisturizers containing aloe vera or witch hazel in a concentration of at least 10 percent may have a soothing effect.

Human skin has pores that connect to sebaceous glands under the skin. Follicles connect glands to pores. Follicles are small sacs that produce and secrete fluid. The glands produce an oily liquid called sebum. Sebum carries dead skin cells to the surface of the skin through the follicles. A small hair grows out of the skin through the follicle. When these follicles become clogged, acne grows and oil accumulates under the skin. Skin cells, sebum, and hair can clump together to form a plug. This plug becomes infected with bacteria and swelling occurs and acne begins to develop.

A number of factors trigger acne, but the main cause is thought to be increased androgen levels. Androgen is a type of hormone whose levels rise when puberty begins. In women, it is converted to estrogen. Rising androgen levels cause the sebaceous glands under the skin to enlarge. The growing gland produces more sebum. Excess sebum can break down the cell walls in the pores, causing bacteria to grow.

Among the factors that trigger acne breakouts;

-Some studies suggest that genetic factors may increase the risk, including some drugs containing androgens and lithium, oily cosmetics, hormonal changes, emotional stress and menstruation.



Treatment depends on how severe and persistent the acne is. A variety of steroidal and non-steroidal creams and gels are available for the treatment of acne, and many are effective. Mild acne can be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) medications such as gels, soaps, pads, creams, and lotions that are applied to the skin. Creams and lotions are best for sensitive skin. Alcohol-based gels dry out the skin and are better for oily skin.

Treatment of moderate to severe acne should be treated by a skin specialist or dermatologist. A similar but stronger gel, cream, oral or topical antibiotic may be given to OTC medications. Since these are prescribed, they must be taken under the supervision of a doctor. Do what your doctor cares about and tells you while taking these medicines. For example, if it says not to smoke and drink alcohol, do not drink because the active ingredients in the drug can cause serious harm to your body when consumed with alcohol.
Below are the names of some types of acne and how they are;
-White Spots: These are under the skin and are small.
-Blackheads: They are clearly visible, black and appear on the skin surface.
-Papules: Small usually pink bumps that appear on the surface of the skin.
-Pustules: It can be clearly seen on the skin surface. Their soles are red and have pus on them.
-Nodules: Can be clearly seen on the skin surface. They are large, firm and painful pimples buried deep in the skin.
-Cysts: It can be clearly seen on the skin surface. They are painful and filled with pus. Cysts can cause scarring.
Some care tips for acne-prone or acne-prone skin;
-Wash your face twice a day with warm water and a mild soap made especially for acne.
Do not rub the skin or pop the pimples as this can push the infection further down causing more congestion, swelling and redness.
-Avoid popping pimples as this makes scarring more likely.
A specialist can treat a pimple that needs quick removal for cosmetic reasons.
-Avoid touching the face. Keep your hair clean. Do not use oily hair products.
- Keep the phone away from your face while talking as it may contain skin residue.
- Wash your hands thoroughly, especially before applying lotion, cream or make-up.
- If you wear glasses, clean them regularly. Avoid worry and stress.
- If you have acne on the back, shoulders or chest, try wearing loose-fitting clothing to allow the skin to breathe. Avoid tight clothing, such as headbands, hats, and scarves, or wash them regularly if used.
-Avoid oil-based products for sensitive skin (for makeup). Always remove make-up before going to sleep.
-Use an electric shaver or a sharp razor when shaving. Before applying shaving cream, soften skin and beard with warm soapy water.
- Try to keep it cool and dry in hot and humid climates to avoid sweating.
-Avoid excessive sun exposure as it can cause the skin to produce more sebum. Various acne medications increase the risk of sunburn.
Do not forget to be under the supervision of a doctor and do everything he tells you without neglecting it. We wish you healthy and beautiful days.